We evaluate how the value appropriated by employees varies in response to an exogenous shock to the price of the firm’s product and how this variation depends on institutional and ownership structures. Institutional and ownership structures that favor employees can influence firms’ location decisions and shareholders’ incentives to invest. Using data from the main copper mines in the world, we show that the value appropriated by employees rises in response to an exogenous increase in the price of minerals. Our results indicate that the magnitude of the increment in the value captured by employees is larger in stated-owned companies, when labor regulations promote productivity-based payments, when wages are determined through a centralized bargaining process, and when regulations associated with hiring and firing are more flexible.
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